Verse

The Ten Commandments

Then God spoke all these words:
I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery.

Do not have other gods besides me.

Do not make an idol for yourself, whether in the shape of anything in the heavens above or on the earth below or in the waters under the earth. Do not bow in worship to them, and do not serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the fathers’ iniquity, to the third and fourth generations of those who hate me, but showing faithful love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commands.

Do not misuse the name of the Lord your God, because the Lord will not leave anyone unpunished who misuses his name.

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy: You are to labor six days and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. You must not do any work—you, your son or daughter, your male or female servant, your livestock, or the resident alien who is within your city gates. For the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.

Honor your father and your mother so that you may have a long life in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

Do not murder.

Do not commit adultery.

Do not steal.

Do not give false testimony against your neighbor.

Do not covet your neighbor’s house. Do not covet your neighbor’s wife, his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

All the people witnessed the thunder and lightning, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain surrounded by smoke. When the people saw it they trembled and stood at a distance. “You speak to us, and we will listen,” they said to Moses, “but don’t let God speak to us, or we will die.”

Moses responded to the people, “Don’t be afraid, for God has come to test you, so that you will fear him and will not sin.” And the people remained standing at a distance as Moses approached the total darkness where God was.

Exodus 20:1-21
Christian Standard Bible
 

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Short Content

The Dreaded “Thou Shalt Not’s”?

Ever heard someone say “Thou Shalt Not” tongue-in-cheek to a person about to get into trouble? They’re quoting the Ten Commandments from the Bible.

Commandments are, by nature, restrictive. No one likes limitations and rules—don’t they ruin the fun? It’s easy to come to the Ten Commandments braced for a kill-joy or guilt trip. This is how many people approach them.

But they’re mistaken, and missing out.

God wrote the Ten Commandments not to embitter us but to enlighten us as to who he is, what he is like, and to the nature of our own hearts.

Surprisingly, the Ten Commandments don’t start with “You shall not.” They start with, “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the house of slavery” (Exodus 20:1 ESV).

God spoke these words audibly to a group of Israelites whom he had just rescued out of enslavement to their contemporary world-power, Egypt. The first thing he needed them to know was who he was—the title “The LORD” is actually the name Yahweh, which means “I am who I am” (Exodus 3:13-14).  

The LORD asserted his character before his commands. He’s unlike any other. He is self-defined and self-described. He introduces himself, and asserts himself first—not as a lawgiver—but rather as a Savior.

He doesn’t say, “I am God, you’re not, so listen up.” He says, “I am God, I heard your cries, and I rescued you.”  

Based on his merciful rescue, he tells his people how to relate to him and how to relate to other people. His commands reveal two things to us. First, they reveal his character. Then, they reveal ours.

God’s commands say that he wants a world where there’s no murder, adultery, theft, or jealousy. He wants a world where you can trust your neighbors. He wants a world where all that’s unsafe and unsavory doesn’t exist. What kind of God is this? A good one, certainly.

God’s commands indicate that we are inclined to do what he forbids. Why would you tell a child not to run into the street? Because they’re likely to do so. God has to tell us not to kill one another, steal from one another, cheat on one another—why? Because we’re inclined to do so. The world is, by default, unsafe and unsavory. What kind of people must we be? Not good, certainly.

God’s ten commands reveal life as it ought to be in the eyes of the author of life. They also reveal that life is not as it should be. And if we’re honest, they show us that we aren’t the sort of people we ought to be.

Now, these ancient laws aren’t meant to leave us feeling guilty. But they are meant to lead us to a place of honest guilt. Why? Because it’s only when we realize that we are enslaved to sin ourselves that we recognize our need for a Savior.

The God of the Israelites in Exodus is the God of the whole Bible, and later on in the biblical story, he rescues not just Israel, but all nations.

When God brought Israel out of Egypt, he was painting a picture of what was to come through Jesus Christ—people rescued from slavery to sin through the death and resurrection of Jesus.

“But God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8 ESV).

For all who believe in Jesus Christ, who acknowledge him as their Lord and Savior, he requires obedience to his law. And just like God spoke to Israel from the mountain to give us his law, he has spoken to us by his Son, Jesus, and gave his people, those that believe in him, a new law (Hebrews 1:2, John 13:34).

And his law is the law of love.

Jesus didn’t come to rid us of the Ten Commandments, but to transform us into people like himself who could actually obey them. He summed up the whole Old Testament law with two commands: love God and love others (Matthew 22:36-40). He came to make us people who could love again, who could love like him.

See, these laws are not really about us. Ultimately, these laws find their meaning in the Lawgiver—a loving God who took it upon himself to free sinners from their sin, so that they might love him and others again. Rather than seeing the Ten Commandments as God’s laundry list of restrictions, they’re actually a revelation of his goodness.

In showing us our ugliness, they lead us to see our need for Jesus who can make us lovely, like God, our Lawgiver.

By Bibles.net

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ESV

You shall have no other gods before me.

You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.

You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.

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CSB

Do not have other gods besides me.

Do not make an idol for yourself, whether in the shape of anything in the heavens above or on the earth below or in the waters under the earth. Do not bow in worship to them, and do not serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the fathers’ iniquity, to the third and fourth generations of those who hate me, but showing faithful love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commands.

Do not misuse the name of the Lord your God, because the Lord will not leave anyone unpunished who misuses his name.

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy: 9 You are to labor six days and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. You must not do any work—you, your son or daughter, your male or female servant, your livestock, or the resident alien who is within your city gates. For the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.

Honor your father and your mother so that you may have a long life in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

Do not murder.
Do not commit adultery.
Do not steal.
Do not give false testimony against your neighbor.

Do not covet your neighbor’s house. Do not covet your neighbor’s wife, his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

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NLT

You must not have any other god but me.

You must not make for yourself an idol of any kind or an image of anything in the heavens or on the earth or in the sea. You must not bow down to them or worship them, for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God who will not tolerate your affection for any other gods. I lay the sins of the parents upon their children; the entire family is affected—even children in the third and fourth generations of those who reject me. But I lavish unfailing love for a thousand generations on those[b] who love me and obey my commands.

You must not misuse the name of the Lord your God. The Lord will not let you go unpunished if you misuse his name.

Remember to observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. You have six days each week for your ordinary work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath day of rest dedicated to the Lord your God. On that day no one in your household may do any work. This includes you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, your livestock, and any foreigners living among you. For in six days the Lord made the heavens, the earth, the sea, and everything in them; but on the seventh day he rested. That is why the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart as holy.

Honor your father and mother. Then you will live a long, full life in the land the Lord your God is giving you.

You must not murder.
You must not commit adultery.
You must not steal.
You must not testify falsely against your neighbor.

You must not covet your neighbor’s house. You must not covet your neighbor’s wife, male or female servant, ox or donkey, or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.

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NIV

You shall have no other gods before me.

You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.

You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

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KJV

Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

Thou shalt not kill.
Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Thou shalt not steal.
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

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NKJV

You shall have no other gods before Me.

You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.

You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.

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Message: 30 Min

What God

Wants for His People

by Andrew Wilson

Verse
EXODUS 6:6 NIV

Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the people of Israel whom the Egyptians hold as slaves, and I have remembered my covenant. Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from slavery to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment. I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

Contemporary

Decalogue

Liturgical Folk

Image

God spoke
all these words

Exodus 20:1 ESV

Article: 10 Min

10 Things You Should Know About the Ten Commandments

by Kevin DeYoung at Crossway

Message: 55 Min

How and Why

Does God Save Us?

by David Platt

Article: 5 Min

Each Commandment Does These Four Things at Once

by Ray Ortlund at The Gospel Coalition

Verse
Romans 7:12 ESV

So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.

Video: 6 Min

Verse
NEHEMIAH 9:13-14 NIV

You came down on Mount Sinai; you spoke to them [the Israelites] from heaven. You gave them regulations and laws that are just and right, and decrees and commands that are good. You made known to them your holy Sabbath and gave them commands, decrees and laws through your servant Moses.

Verse
PSALM 148:19-20 NIV

He [God] has revealed his word to Jacob, his laws and his decrees to Israel. He has done this for no other nation; they do not know his laws. Praise the LORD.

Video: 6 Min

Message: 46 Min

The Law

of Liberty

by Stephen Tracey

Video: 2 Min

Image

Turn to me
and be saved…
for I am God,

and there is no other.

ISAIAH 45:22 NIV

Video: 6 Min
by Bible Project

Verse
Galatians 5:14 NLT

For the whole law can be summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.”

Message: 38 Min

Law

by Colin Smith

Verse
MATTHEW 22:36-40 NIV

“Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”

Verse
GALATIANS 3:10-14 ESV

And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “In you shall all the nations be blessed.” So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith. For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.” But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does them shall live by them.” Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”— so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promised Spirit through faith.

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Video: 2 Min

Verse

THE RICH YOUNG RULER

And the commandment he forgot.

Video: 6 Min
by Honest Answers at Southern Seminary

Verse

MATTHEW 5

In the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus speaks from the mountain and teaches us about the law.

Video: 6 Min
by DA Carson at The Gospel Coalition

Image

Loving God means
keeping

his commandments,
and his commandments
are not burdensome.

1 JOHN 5:3 ESV

Verse
Leviticus 20:7 NIV

Consecrate yourselves and be holy,
because I am the LORD your God.

Verse
DEUTERONOMY 6:4-6 ESV

Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. And these words that I command you today shall be on your heart.

Video: 2 Min

Article: 10 Min

How Does the Sixth Commandment Speak to Our Culture?

by Kevin DeYoung at ERLC

Verse
Exodus 20:20 CSB

Moses responded to the people, “Don’t be afraid, for God has come to test you, so that you will fear him and will not sin.”

Video: 2 Min

Quote

Is It Possible to Keep the Ten Commandments?

from The Heidelberg Catechism, Q&A #114

Question: But can those converted to God keep these commandments perfectly?

Answer: No. In this life even the holiest have only a small beginning of this obedience. [1] Nevertheless, with earnest purpose they do begin to live not only according to some but to all the commandments of God. [2] 

[1] Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 7:14-15; I Corinthians 13:9; I John 1:8. [2] Psalm 1:1, 2; Romans 7:22-25; Philippians 3:12-16. 

source

Children’s

Ten Commandments

Randall Goodgame

Quote

Why Did God Give Us The Ten Commandments?

from The Heidelberg Catechism, Q&A #115

Question: If in this life no one can keep the ten commandments perfectly, why does God have them preached so strictly?

Answer: First, that throughout our life we may more and more become aware of our sinful nature, and therefore seek more eagerly the forgiveness of sins and righteousness in Christ. [1] Second, that we may be zealous for good deeds and constantly pray to God for the grace of the Holy Spirit, that he may more and more renew us after God’s image, until after this life we reach the goal of perfection. [2]

[1] Psalm 32:5; Romans 3:19-26; 7:7, 24, 25; I John 1:9. [2] I Corinthians 9:24; Philippians 3:12-14; I John 3:1-3.

source

Article: 10 Min

Ten Questions for Examining Your Life

by Colin Smith at Unlocking the Bible

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